What Is a Property Right? | How To Take Property In Turkey
How To Take Property In Turkey? | The property right is one of the basic individual rights stated in the constitution of Turkey. According to article 383 of Turkish Civil Law, for someone to be able to use, benefit, or dispose of a thing whether it's moveable or not, one has to have a right to own it. The property owner can take his/her property back by filing a claim in court from the occupant, protect his/her property against all assaults or litigate to do so.
Can A Foreigner Be a Proprietor in Turkey?
There is no problem in the disposition of a thing that is a result of a trade. This means a foreigner that is not a citizen of Turkey can own a thing without any conditions. But there are some exceptions like the trade of automobiles.
But can a foreigner be a proprietor of an immovable property in Turkey? The answer should be given according to the 2664th act of 1934. A foreigner's being able to own immovable property results based on reciprocity. So, if citizens of Turkey can own an immovable property in the foreigner's country, he/she is allowed to own an immovable property as well. But a foreigner's owning immovable property is regulated by the rules between articles of the Turkish Civil Law 705 and 715. Legal transactions like conditions of forms of jurisdic acts, states of registration and sales contracts have to be made according to the Turkish law.
If not so, the problems of foreigner's owning the immovable property resolved in Turkish in an authorized Turkish court according to the Law of property. The trade of immovable property is not valid if the sales contract is made only as a simple contract or the property is simply left to the proprietor. Because according to Turkish Law, validation of a sale of an immovable property is liable to the OFFICIAL FORM. Hereunder, for the immoveable trade to be valid, the immovable property have to be recorded to the title deeds registry office. Otherwise, the trade will result in nullity because it does not fit the official form. | How To Take Property In Turkey?
The Indication of the Title (Ownership)
According to the rules of the Turkish Civil Law, when a property is registered, title deeds registry office gives the new proprietor a document. In this document, there is information about the immovable property and the proprietor's ID. This document is a deed confirming that the proprietor's ownership of the property. It should be stated that this document cannot be provided by a notary, it can be only obtained via an authorized title deeds registry office. | How To Take Property In Turkey
Liability Without Fault Related to Property
One of the liabilities that are exceptional in Turkish law is the liability of the proprietor without fault. The property can be a building, an estate or a land. If an error happened in the building stage or the lack of maintenance causes a damage to a person or a thing that is owned, the proprietor is liable to recover the loss. Even if the proprietor proves that he/she has no fault, he/she is still liable to recover it. If a damage happens because of the exceeds usage of the land or estate, the proprietor will recover this loss as well. He/she has no possibility to exclude liability.
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